By Josephine Lungu,
Open data and digital technology can help create effective property management especially in developing countries. Systematic property management results in resolving land-related conflicts. African countries are rapidly urbanizing and therefore the quest for efficient property management in both rural and urban areas continue to increase.
Inefficient and inaccurate land registry systems, lack of standardization and transparency, and loss of paperwork remain common challenges to good land governance around the world. Medici Land Governance (MLG) has been seeking to overcome these barriers through block-chain and other technologies such as drones, cryptography, and artificial Intelligence to provide user-friendly and low-cost land administration systems.
Medici Land Governance’s Director of Marketing Rania Eltom explained how these technologies are helping land registration and landowners at an online seminar themed ‘Utilizing Emerging Technology to Streamline Good Land Governance’.
“MLG has been using block-chain and other modern technologies such as cryptography, artificial intelligence to support good land governance, titling, and administration of secure land ownership. We support governments with land evaluation, public records, land administration and systematic land titling, all using blockchain. We use good land governance to ensure that there is accessibility to all citizens including women and vulnerable groups. MLG is also customer oriented, cost effective, transparent, secure, and sustainable.
In Zambia, MLG is using systematic land titling, land administration and payment software to enable the issuance of Certificate of Titles on state land. The approach through systematic land titling reduces costs and improves efficiency: data collectors use the Enum application to collect the landowner’s information, documents and signatures using tablets at the property’s actual location, which reduces data loss. There is also a government approval application that allows each government office to review records, survey diagrams, general plans, and documentation. Once the information is satisfactory, each area gets electronically signed and approved” she added.
In Africa, Rwanda is one of the few countries where Medici Land Governance partnered with the government to successfully deliver a digital land registry system to the citizens. This has enabled maintenance of records of land occupation, land tenure and updates on any mortgages, and has prevented the double selling of land, the impersonation of buyers and sellers, and the forgery of signatures.
These technologies help collect land-related information through photography for a clearer analysis, as well as the demarcation of plot boundaries during land surveying and for registration in existing land information systems.
Digital technology in property management is important for both rural and urban development of a country as it helps secure long-term land ownership and promote stability among people living in communities.